Fake languages like Tolkien’s are called constructed languages (conlangs for short), and creating them is called conlanging. This requires determining the sounds (phonetics), sound patterns (phonology), word-building rules (morphology), sentence-building rules (syntax), meaning relationships (semantics), and socio-cultural rules (sociolinguistics) of the language. Despite the difficulty, Tolkien wasn’t the first to conlang; conlanging actually has a long and rich history. The oldest known conlang is Lingua Ignota (a supposed angelic language) created in the 1100s by Hildegard von Bingen. By Tolkien’s birth in 1892, at least 110 conlangs had been recorded, and by the publication of The Hobbit, there were at least 300.

World War II has been the costliest conflict ever to occur on earth. It’s also one of the most varied and complex, with nations changing sides, citizens of one country fighting each other more fiercely than they fought outsiders, and a myriad of new and sometimes bizarre weapons. The war lasted exactly six years and one day, and certain features seem to stand out for each year of the war.

The characteristics of biblical womanhood are based on how a woman acts, thinks, and speaks and with what she reads, listens to, watches and says. In this ThoughtHub video Carrie Abbott from the Legacy Institute encourages godly women to act nobly and exemplify godly beauty. She defines the characteristics and meaning of living like a beautiful biblical woman inside and out as God intended.

In the work of the local church, a pastor will frequently come across people that are difficult to manage, much less lead. These are folks that have established unhealthy habits in relationships or have learned responses to conflict that have frequently proved destructive.

Who are these people and what can we do with them? Believe it or not, they come in several, easy-to-identify varieties and you can learn to manage them and even lead them to healthier behaviors.

When your interests are many, it is easy to get lost in the great sea of “must read” books. Perusing the bookstore can be agonizing for us bibliophiles, as we discover the sheer volume of books demanding our attention. Upon reaching the cashier, I must often shed books collected during my journey through the bookstore.

God created men to have confidence in their masculinity and christian manhood. In this ThoughtHub video Carrie Abbott from the Legacy Institute explains what it means to be a biblical man. She explores biblical masculinity, how to apply it in life and relationships, and addresses common excuses for not acting like a biblical man as laid out in Genesis chapter 2.

In the work of the local church, a pastor will frequently come across people that are challenging to manage, much less lead. These are folks that have established unhealthy habits in relationships or have learned responses to conflict that have frequently proved destructive.

Who are these people and what can we do with them? Believe it or not, they come in several, easy-to-identify varieties and you can learn to manage them and even lead them to healthier behaviors.

In this Thoughthub Highlight Series, guest speaker Carrie Abbott starts by talking about sexuality specifically in the differences between male and female and how they complement each other to fulfill God's plan.

Reading and writing have been staples of basic communication for thousands of years. One might wonder what kind of effect the written word had on the Church over the centuries. But perhaps a better-crafted question might be what happened to Christianity when words became “printed and replicable” on a large scale.

If asked to name the top selling girls children's toy from the past year, what would you guess? One might reasonably (but incorrectly) assume Barbie, Goldiblox, or the continued onslaught of Frozen-themed merchandise. But, if you have young daughters or grandchildren, you won't be surprised when I say Shopkins.